Trimmed Mean

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A trimmed mean is calculated by discarding a certain percentage of the lowest and the highest scores and then computing the mean of the remaining scores. For example, a mean trimmed 50% is computed by discarding the lower and higher 25% of the scores and taking the mean of the remaining scores.

The median is the mean trimmed 100% and the arithmetic mean is the mean trimmed 0%.

A trimmed mean is obviously less susceptible to the effects of extreme scores than is the arithmetic mean. It is therefore less susceptible to sampling fluctuation than the mean for extremely skewed distributions. It is less efficient than the mean for normal distributions.

Trimmed means are often used in Olympic scoring to minimize the effects of extreme ratings possibly caused by biased judges.

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