The sample size is very simply the size of the sample. If there is only one sample,
the letter "N" is used to designate the sample size. If samples are taken
from each of "a" populations, then the small letter "n" is used
to designate size of the sample from each population. When there are samples from
more than one population, N is used to indicate the total number of subjects sampled
and is equal to (a)(n). If the sample sizes from the various populations are different,
would indicate the sample size from the first population, n2
from the second, etc. The total number of subjects sampled would still be
indicated by N.
are computed, the sample size (N)
refers to the number of subjects and thus the number of pairs of scores rather than
to the total number of scores.
The symbol N also refers to the number of subjects in the formulas for testing
differences between dependent means
. Again, it is the number
of subjects, not the number of scores.